Women's suffrage in states of the United States Early voting activity[ edit ] Lydia Taft —a wealthy widow, was allowed to vote in town meetings in Uxbridge, Massachusetts in The New Jersey constitution of enfranchised all adult inhabitants who owned a specified amount of property. Laws enacted in and referred to voters as "he or she", and women regularly voted.
Women's suffrage may be defined as women's right to vote in political circumstances. Backdrop to a drama "In the new code of laws which I suppose it will be necessary for you to make I desire you would remember the ladies and be more generous and favorable to them than your ancestors.
Treated as chattel in patriarchal societies from time immemorial, women nonetheless helped well beyond childbearing and menial labor to make those cultures flourish. They often exerted unofficial influence over their menfolk and occasionally were monarchs.
In emerging democracies, women had no voting rights, but many in congenial circumstances enjoyed social and family connections that accorded them more influence than some men who had the franchise. In America, women worked shoulder to shoulder with men to build the country. Many were influential, such as Lady Deborah Moody a respected community leader who brought settlers seeking religious freedom to Gravesend at New Amsterdam later New York ; Pocahontaswho purportedly saved the life of Captain John Smith at the hands of her father, Chief Powhatanlater married John Rolfe and met royalty in England; and Abigail Adamswho wrote lucidly about her life and time in letters, and exerted political influence over her president husband, John, and son, John Quincy.
The Revolutionary War was a period of progressive thinking about women's rights, but the Continental Congress left the question of the vote to the states.
The New Jersey Constitution accorded the vote to women, but in it was rescinded. Conditions in the s provoked women to press for suffrage; they were increasingly in the factory labor force, but were not treated equally. Progressive men who struggled for such causes as temperanceabolition and educational reform realized they needed women's support.
Suffragists were usually advocates of such change. In return, they were accorded more of a voice in public matters.
Stanton said later, "We resolved to hold a convention as soon as we returned home, and form a society to advocate the rights of women. The meeting's Declaration of Sentiments, modeled on the Declaration of Independence, spelled out many demands for equality.
That declaration spread the fire of a revolution that would reach every facet of society. With reason, women regarded themselves as second-class citizens; in addition to not having the vote, they had few property rights, faced educational and employment barriers, and had no legal protection in divorce and child custody cases.
Women's rights leaders were convinced that suffrage would be the most effective means to reconstruct this unfair social structure. InLucy Stone organized the Women's Rights Convention at Worcester, Massachusetts ; its distinction lay in being a national assembly of women and men.
Although most men were deeply opposed to letting women vote, a few reformers, notably in Massachusetts, supported women on this issue. Inthe Massachusetts legislature received a petitiondrafted by a group that included Wendell Phillips and William Lloyd Garrisonwhich began: We deem the extension to woman of all civil rights a measure of vital importance to the welfare and progress of the state.
On every principle of natural justice, as well as by the nature of our institutions, she is as fully entitled as man to vote and to be eligible to office.
In governments based on force, it might be pretended with some plausibility that woman being supposed physically weaker than man should be excluded from the state. But ours is a government professedly resting on the consent of the governed.
Woman is surely as competent to give that consent as man. A similar, but more moderate organization, the American Woman Suffrage Association, approached the state legislatures, rather than the federal government, to win women the vote. By the s, several states had granted suffrage.
When by there were 12 states, the National Woman's Party, led by Alice Paul, decided to harness the voting power of women in those states to push a suffrage resolution through Congress.
They were part of a confederacy of suffragists, temperance groups, other women's organizations and reform-prone lawmakers. The country's involvement in World War I required the support of women; this provided the suffragists their decisive fire power. Byit had passed both houses of Congress and was soon ratified by the necessary 36 states.
The 19th Amendmentalso called the Susan B. Anthony Amendment, became law in August Feb 27, · Watch video · The women’s suffrage movement was a decades-long fight to win the right to vote for women in the United States.
It took activists and reformers nearly years to .
Woman Suffrage and the 19th Amendment. En Español. Background Beginning in the midth century, several generations of woman suffrage supporters lectured, wrote, marched, lobbied, and practiced civil disobedience to achieve what many Americans considered a radical change in the Constitution.
Women's suffrage in the United States of America, the legal right of women to vote, was established over the course of more than half a century, first in various states and localities, sometimes on a limited basis, and then nationally in Woman Suffrage and the 19th Amendment.
En Español. Background Beginning in the midth century, several generations of woman suffrage supporters lectured, wrote, marched, lobbied, and practiced civil disobedience to achieve what many Americans considered a radical change in the Constitution.
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Among the Latin American countries, national women's suffrage was granted in in Ecuador, in Brazil, in El Salvador, in the Dominican Republic, in Guatemala, and in Argentina.
Nov 06, · News about women's suffrage. Commentary and archival information about women's suffrage from The New York Times.