Millions of Soldiers and Veterans in Trouble by Photo: Twenty two veterans kill themselves every day according to the Veterans Administration. A study by the Los Angeles Times found veterans are more than twice as likely as other civilians to commit suicide. Suicides among full-time soldiers, especially among male soldiers, are also well above the national civilian rate.
Prevalence and risk of homelessness among US veterans. Prev Chronic Dis ;9: Homeless veterans are at higher risk for chronic disease; understanding the dynamics of homelessness among veterans can contribute to our understanding of their health needs.
Methods We obtained data on demographic characteristics and veteran status forhomeless people from 7 jurisdictions that provide homelessness services, and for the population living in poverty and the general population from the American Community Survey for those same jurisdictions.
We calculated prevalence of veterans in the homeless, poverty, and general populations, and risk ratios RR for veteran status in these populations. Risk for homelessness, as a function of demographic characteristics and veteran status, was estimated by using multivariate regression models.
Results Veterans were overrepresented in the homeless population, compared with both the general and poverty populations, among both men RR, 1.
Veteran status and black race significantly increased the risk for homelessness for both men and women. Men in the to year-old age group and women in the to year-old age group were at higher risk compared with other ages. Conclusion Our findings confirm previous research associating veteran status with higher risk for homelessness and imply that there will be specific health needs among the aging homeless population.
This study is a basis for understanding variation in rates of, and risks for, homelessness in general population groups, and inclusion of health data from US Department of Veterans Affairs records can extend these results to identifying links between homelessness and health risks.
Top of Page Introduction Veterans are overrepresented among the homeless in the United States and are at greater risk than nonveterans of becoming homeless Homelessness is associated with chronic health conditions, either causing or preceding such conditions, becoming a consequence of such conditions, or complicating the treatment and care of such conditions Understanding the epidemiology of homelessness and the specific factors associated with increased risk of becoming homeless is prerequisite to both reducing homelessness and more effectively addressing the health needs of this population.
The objective of this study was to provide a more detailed assessment of risk for homelessness among veterans than has been previously reported, in comparison with the nonveteran population and after controlling for various demographic characteristics.
Specifically, we sought to answer 2 research questions: Methods Study design Homeless Management Information Systems HMIS and American Community Survey ACS data from 7 jurisdictions provided a basis for estimating the prevalence of veterans in the homeless, poverty, and overall populations; calculating risk ratios for veteran status in the homeless population compared with veteran status in the poverty and overall populations; determining if veteran status is associated with an increased risk of homelessness; and identifying whether risk of homelessness among veterans varies as a function of age, race, or sex.
Service providers use HMIS to record data on client characteristics and use of services in homeless populations across a local area known as a continuum of care CoC.
In a CoC, stakeholders and service providers coordinate resources and provide services eg, shelter, housing, food to address homelessness The data fields collected include identifying information, veteran status, demographics, the presence of disabling conditions, and dates of program entry and exit.
A convenience sample of 11 urban CoCs from geographic regions throughout the country initially provided HMIS data for this study.
These HMIS datasets consisted of unduplicated, de-identified, individual records for adults who used emergency shelter or transitional housing within their CoC during We estimated data missing because of nonresponse to an item in the dataset 17 ie, missing 1 or more data elements from these CoCs by using single imputation techniques and SOLAS version 3.
To compute rates of homelessness, we used ACS data to estimate the total veteran and nonveteran populations in each CoC. The ACS is an annual survey administered by the US Census Bureau that collects social, economic, and demographic information from samples of housing units in all counties in the United States We selected 3-year estimates for this study because they are based on a larger sample size than the 1-year estimates and offer better precision, especially in examining smaller populations such as veterans, and smaller geographic areas.
For each geographic area, we aggregated ACS data by age, sex, race, veteran status, and poverty status.
Outcomes Homelessness status was our outcome of interest. In addition, ACS data were stratified by poverty status, that is, whether household income was below the federal poverty threshold. All people in the HMIS database were considered as living in poverty on the basis of their homeless status.
ACS, which collects data from group quarters in addition to private housing units, included both homeless and housed members of the population but did not differentiate the population on this basis.Jul 19, · In another important study, about , of veterans comprising different ages from Vietnam and post-Vietnam conflicts were compared with more than , non-veterans Results confirmed that the risk of suicide among war veterans was higher than non-veterans.
Homeless veterans are at higher risk for chronic disease; understanding the dynamics of homelessness among veterans can contribute to our understanding of their health needs. Preventing Chronic Disease | Prevalence and Risk of Homelessness Among US Veterans .
The threat of homelessness amongst veterans has become an increasingly growing issue. Through my extensive research I have found multiple reasons as to why this threat has occurred/5(5).
Top 5 threats to people experiencing homelessness: what the Trump election could mean to the most vulnerable Posted on December 19, by homelessnesslaw People experiencing homelessness, or who are at risk of homelessness, are amongst the most .
Homelessness amongst female veterans fell by 10 percent from simply a year earlier. ” Our country’s method to veterans’homelessness is working, “Housing .
National Center on Homelessness among Veterans Mission: The National Center on Homelessness among Veterans (the Center) promotes recovery-oriented care for Veterans who are homeless or at risk for homelessness.