Many argue that people have the right to die by any means possible while others argue that human life should be held in high regard and protected at all costs.
The ethical issues of physician-assisted suicide PAS are both emotional and controversial, as it ranks right up there with abortion. Some argue PAS is ethically permissible for a dying person who has choosing to escape the unbearable suffering at the end of life.
These arguments rely a great deal on the respect for individual autonomy, which recognizes the rights of competent people to choose the timing and manner of their death, when faced with terminal illness.
While these arguments continue with no end in sight, more and more of the terminally ill cry out in agony, for the right to end their suffering. While the main issue that surrounds PAS is pain control, for the terminally ill, proponents are still unwilling to compromise.
However, if both proponents and opponents would adopt utilitarianism, and work together, by focusing primarily on improving pain control, which includes accelerated research, broader education of physicians, and by rejecting out dated concern of drug addictions that are associated with opiate drugs Battin, n.
This would be a beginning to a much needed compromise. Even though proponents welcome advancements in pain control, they still argue that it constricts the freedom of a dying person, from choosing the time and manner that they wish to die.
They also argue on the grounds of equity, saying that it is unfair that patients who depend on dialysis or a respirator can achieve a comparatively easy death when they choose to, simply by ending these life sustaining supports, which is fully legal.
However, patients who are not dependent on life- supports, cannot choose when they die, but they have to wait until the inevitable end. Many opponents continue to argue as well, sometimes on religious grounds, saying that suffering is an aspect of dying, and that should not override the ethics of the medical profession, and should not result in any form of assisted suicide, which also includes those very rare, difficult cases.
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Proponents on behalf of the legalization of PAS say that it, like abortion, is a choice issue. That because doctors have enough knowledge and experience to know when a patient is dying, so what purpose does it serve to let that patient suffer in agony, until their body gives out?
Could you imagine what it would be like to spend the last six months of your life vomiting, coughing, going through endless spasms of pain, and not having any control over your excretory functions? Then take into consideration the psychological suffering, i. Would it not be more human to give the patient the option to say they had enough and choose to die peacefully?
While there are some physicians who are against the legalization of PASbecause they say it goes against the Medical Code of Ethics, there are some physicians who believe it is better that they assist the terminally ill who wish to commit suicide, because if they do not, the patient may attempt suicide on his or her own, which can lead to more complications.
Using medications to terminate a life can be very difficult. The dosage and timing of when the drug is administrated is critical, especially when taken orally. Because failed attempts may cause greater trauma than death itself for the patient, the patient may beg their caregiver to help them, in completing their failed attempt at ending their life.
It is for these reasons that some physicians consider assisting a patient in PAS to be of less harm than it causes. Furthermore, some physicians believe that ending, at the request of the patient, the physical pain and mental anguish from which the patient will never recover, does not violate the spirit or goals of medical ethics.
More so, physicians also believe that the terminally ill would benefit from better treatments and palliative care. Even though the physician refers a patient to other professionals, they should maintain their relationship with the patient, no matter what the patient decides to do, either receive treatment or PAS.
There are many people who argue that when the law and professional ethics come into conflict with one another, physicians have more obligations than just their one-on-one covenant with their patients. On that view, physicians should and need to support and campaign for regulations that will ensure humane treatment and care, for the terminally ill and reimbursements for the costs of end-of-life care.
Meanwhile, opponents continue to argue that the legalization of PASbecause of the economics of modern medicine will become a form of health care containment, because the drugs for PAS only cost about about 40 dollars, where as the proper care for a dying patient can cost tens of thousands of dollars.
Proponents are arguing that even though the various elements that make up the American healthcare system are becoming more watchful over finances, as to make sure money is not wasted, the cap that marks a zero-sum healthcare system is largely absent in the United States.
They say if opponents would take into consideration the way we finance healthcare in the United States, it would be hard for them to make a case that there is a financial gain by the legalization of PAS.
Physician-assisted suicide is not going to save substantial amounts of money in absolute or relative terms, for the nation as a whole. For instance, in a year-old prostate cancer patient named Randy Stroup, who had no insurance to cover his medical expenses, asked for help from the state of Oregon, only to be told the state would not cover his chemotherapy, but would cover PAS.
When did we as a society, decide that the value of a human life is only worth body parts and bone marrow? What is going to happen to the disabled, elderly, and the poor if the government takes over running health care, do we really want to find out?
It is not for the government to decide when the plug should be pulled or for a death pill to be administered.
Randy Stroup is just the beginning of what awaits society as a whole, because the next case could be your father, mother, brother, sister, or even yourself.
The emotivism ethical theory would apply to this argument, because the decisions one could make may be based on how they themselves and family members feel, as seen here; proponents for the legalization of PAS believe that suicide is usually a lonely act, carried out in secrecy, and can be a cry for help.Physician Assisted Suicide: Right to Life or Right to Death?
Introduction. In the Death with Dignity Act was implemented in the state of Oregon. This piece of legislation enables a competent adult who desires to end their life access to a lethal dose of medication.
Physician-assisted suicide: A new look at arguments. Bioethics, 21(3), Dieterle is a professor at Eastern Michigan University in the department of history and philosophy. In this paper he reviewed the arguments against physician assisted suicide.
He discusses the Oregon's Death with Dignity Act and their practice with PAS. Physician Assisted Suicide: Right to Life or Right to Death? Introduction. In the Death with Dignity Act was implemented in the state of Oregon.
This piece of legislation enables a competent adult who desires to end their life access to . Free Physician Assisted Suicide Essays and Research papers and papers.
Today, as was before, both palliative care and euthanasia that is a good death. Physician Assisted Suicide research papers discuss the ethical problems that occur with the issue of physician assisted suicide.
Physician assisted Suicide research papers look at the medical health topic from an ethical, moral or purely medical standpoint. On October 27th, , physician-assisted suicide became legal in the State of Oregon for terminally ill patients meeting the requirements of the law. In my opinion, other states should follow Oregon’s lead regarding physician-assisted suicide.