It may be pointed out, though, that the film has more fantasy than history in it. Most people would be aware that the leader of the Greeks during the battle was Leonidas of Sparta. Yet, how much do we actually know about King Leonidas, and what happened during the Battle of Thermopylae? After Dorieus was born, she was pregnant with Leonidas, and he was followed by Cleombrotus, although Herodotus suggests that there was an account stating that Leonidas and Cleombrotus were twins.
The largest, Spartacontrolled about square miles of territory; the smallest had just a few hundred people. However, by the dawn of the Archaic period in the seventh century B.
They all had economies that were based on agriculture, not trade: Also, most had overthrown their hereditary kings, or basileus, and were ruled by a small number of wealthy aristocrats. These people monopolized political power. For example, they refused to let ordinary people serve on councils or assemblies.
They also monopolized the best farmland, and some even claimed to be descended from the gods. Land was the most important source of wealth in the city-states; it was also, obviously, in finite supply.
The pressure of population growth pushed many men away from their home poleis and into sparsely populated areas around Greece and the Aegean.
By the end of the seventh century B. Each of these poleis was an independent city-state. In this way, the colonies of the Archaic period were different from other colonies we are familiar with: The people who lived there were not ruled by or bound to the city-states from which they came.
The new poleis were self-governing and self-sufficient.
The Rise of the Tyrants As time passed and their populations grew, many of these agricultural city-states began to produce consumer goods such as pottery, cloth, wine and metalwork.
Trade in these goods made some people—usually not members of the old aristocracy—very wealthy. These people resented the unchecked power of the oligarchs and banded together, sometimes with the aid of heavily-armed soldiers called hoplites, to put new leaders in charge.
These leaders were known as tyrants. Some tyrants turned out to be just as autocratic as the oligarchs they replaced, while others proved to be enlightened leaders. Pheidon of Argos established an orderly system of weights and measures, for instance, while Theagenes of Megara brought running water to his city.
However, their rule did not last: The colonial migrations of the Archaic period had an important effect on its art and literature: Sculptors created kouroi and korai, carefully proportioned human figures that served as memorials to the dead. Scientists and mathematicians made progress too:According to ancient Greek historian Herodotus, Leonidas was the son of King Alexandridas and his first wife, an unnamed woman who was also the king’s niece.
Leonidas, however, was not the first child, as his father’s second wife bore a son, Cleomenes. Jan 12, · She also provides excerpts from her biographical novels about Leonidas and reviews of books on ancient Sparta.
Saturday, January 5, A Spartan Philosopher: Chilon the Wise. It may surprise many modern readers that Plato, writing a history of philosophy in the 4th Century BC, claimed that all early philosophers were Author: Helena P. Schrader. Sep 03, · Watch video · Ancient Greek Democracy In the year B.C., the Athenian leader Cleisthenes introduced a system of political reforms that he called demokratia, or “rule by the people.”.
Gorgo was the queen of the Greek city-state of Sparta, daughter of the king Cleomenes (reigned BCE), wife of King Leonidas (reigned BCE), and mother of King Pleistarchus (reigned BCE).
Her birth and death dates are unknown but it is generally believed, based on inferences. Thermopylae. At Thermopylae in the late summer of the Spartan king Leonidas held out for three days with a mere hoplites against thousands upon thousands of the best of the Great King's troops.
Leonidas was a King of Sparta who was the leader at the famous Battle of Thermopylae against the Persians. He was probably born around BC and was the third son of the King of Sparta Kleomenes I.
He may have had a marriage around BC, but this is disputed and the wife’s name is unknown.