China Embraces Facial Recognition5:
The wheels that began turning with industrialization continue to gain momentum.
Control through technology is central to the working of modern society. Consider the intensification of control seen in events such as the Patriot Act and other legislation, the creation of the Department of Homeland Security, vastly augmented expenditures for research and development; the spread of tools such as DNA fingerprinting, RFID chips, drones, enhanced travel and border controls, data based risk management and predictive tools; and the increased sharing of information and integration among public and private and local, national and international agencies.
Many technologies developed for the military such as the Internet, satellites and sensors have diffused to other institutions. Yet the use of tools to engineer behavior goes far beyond particular historical events and national security to everyday life—whether this involves work, consumption, health, recreation, school or families and friends.
The engineering of social control is one of the defining characteristics of modern society. It is so prominent, ubiquitous and transparent in daily life that it is often taken for granted. Our personal spatial, communication, social, cultural and psychological environments and borders are increasingly subject to technological strategies designed to influence behavior—whether involving conformity with rules, safety, consumption or attitudes.
In some ways, contemporary social control can be seen to reflect the ethos of the highly regulated prison in which conformity is sought by the design of ever more features of the environment, rather than relying on trusting the individual or facing the uncertainty of human will and choice.
Are new threats, technologies, expectations and ways of living resulting in a move toward our becoming a "maximum security society"? The engineering of control in both its hard and soft forms is an important component of our contemporary surveillance society.
This article provides a classification framework for technology-based efforts to prevent or reduce the harm from, or attractiveness of rule violations and, when that isn't possible, to increase the likelihood of discovering and apprehending violators.
Such enforcement activities are distinct from other aspects of social control such as the creation of norms, processes of adjudication and sanctioning, or the broad societal guidance and integration which was of concern to early theorists of industrialization and urbanization.
The engineering of rule enforcement as this involves material artifacts architectural and product design, sensors and alarms, access controls, software is also distinct from forms of social control such as the creation and manipulation of culture, socialization, the redistributive rewards and penalties of the welfare state and inter-personal influences that are also designed to influence behavior.
Contemporary efforts build on, but go far beyond, a medieval fortification ethos. Of course the inventors and builders of the first locks, safes, moats and walled castles and the developers of early biometric identification systems e.
What is new is the scale and relatively greater scientific precision, power, omnipresence, continual invention and experimentation and rapid global diffusion. Technical means of control saturate modern society, colonizing, documenting and in some ways restricting ever more areas of life.
The roots of contemporary social control lie in the development of large organizations and standardized control technologies. Beniger They are one strand of broad processes of rationalization, professionalization and specialization occurring with modernization.
The heterogeneity, scale, mobility and anonymity of mass society and the pursuit of efficiency and effectiveness encourage reliance on external, impersonal, distance-mediated, technical means and data-base memories that locate, identify, register, record, classify and direct individuals.
The perception of catastrophic risks in an interdependent, global, world relying on complex technologies drives the search for definitive technical solutions. Consider issues such as terrorism, crime, obesity, drug abuse, AIDS, border controls, and the need for economic competitiveness and unprecedented flows of persons, information and goods Developments in electronics, computerization, artificial intelligence, cognitive science, bio-chemistry, architecture and materials science and many other areas promise new control possibilities.
Entrepreneurial efforts whether by private sector actors such as the security industry or governments such as the United Stateshave helped spread the technologies at home and abroad.
This use of contemporary technology contrasts with traditional approaches in which environments were less likely to be designed with rule enforcement in mind.“Our role isn’t to try to stop this progress, it’s to make sure that technology is used to make working people’s lives better, and to make sure the gains from new technology are fairly shared.” I’m also worried about how we use social media.
May 29, · The benefits that blockchain can provide to users of social media may not necessarily be popular with platform owners. After all, they stand to lose control of a huge ocean of information and data on their users and .
technology, social control, policing, information, surveillance, rules, authority, borders, panopticon, neutralization, dissent. Technology and Social Control: The Search for the Illusive Silver Bullet Continues Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, 2nd edition, forthcoming The police in turn use mass communications media to.
His social media accounts with millions of followers have been suspended. He struggles to find work. “This kind of social control is against the tide of the world.
The relatively modern phenomenon of social media and its associated technology adds a new dimension to loneliness and anxiety by offering the young person a way of directly quantifying friendships. Smartphones have brought social media very close to our day to day lives, but wearable technology could bring social media even closer.
Wearables will offer social information in an even more immediate way, visible with just a glance at your wrist or even right in front of your eyes. but also lets you control your music, check social.