History 102 study card

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History 102 study card

Introduction In contrast to older History 102 study card who regarded World War I as the destruction of progressive reform, I am convinced that the war History 102 study card to the United States as the "fulfillment," the culmination, the veritable apotheosis of progressivism in American life.

In this fusion, the values and interests of both groups would be pursued through government. Big business would be able to use the government to cartelize the economy, restrict competition, and regulate production and prices, and also to be able to wield a militaristic and imperialist foreign policy to force open markets abroad and apply the sword of the State to protect foreign investments.

Intellectuals would be able to use the government to restrict entry into their professions and to assume jobs in Big Government to apologize for, and to help plan and staff, government operations.

Both groups also believed that, in this fusion, the Big State could be used to harmonize and interpret the "national interest" and thereby provide a "middle way" between the extremes of "dog-eat-dog" laissez faire and the bitter conflicts of proletarian Marxism.

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Also animating both groups of progressives was a postmillennial pietist Protestantism that had conquered "Yankee" areas of northern Protestantism by the s and had impelled the pietists to use local, state, and finally federal governments to stamp out "sin," to make America and eventually the world holy, and thereby to bring about the Kingdom of God on earth.

The victory of the Bryanite forces at the Democratic national convention of destroyed the Democratic Party as the vehicle of "liturgical" Roman Catholics and German Lutherans devoted to personal liberty and laissez faire and created the roughly homogenized and relatively non-ideological party system we have today.

After the turn of the century, this development created an ideological and power vacuum for the expanding number of progressive technocrats and administrators to fill.

In that way, the locus of government shifted from the legislature, at least partially subject to democratic check, to the oligarchic and technocratic executive branch.

World War I brought the fulfillment of all these progressive trends. Militarism, conscription, massive intervention at home and abroad, a collectivized war economy, all came about during the war and created a mighty cartelized system that most of its leaders spent the rest of their lives trying to recreate, in peace as well as war.

In the World War I chapter of his outstanding work, Crisis and LeviathanProfessor Robert Higgs concentrates on the war economy and illuminates the interconnections with conscription. In this paper, I would like to concentrate on an area that Professor Higgs relatively neglects: But, in addition, oddly but characteristically, most combined in their thought and agitation messianic moral or religious fervor with an empirical, allegedly "value-free," and strictly "scientific" devotion to social science.

Whether it be the medical profession's combined scientific and moralistic devotion to stamping out sin or a similar position among economists or philosophers, this blend is typical of progressive intellectuals.

In this paper, I will be dealing with various examples of individual or groups of progressive intellectuals, exulting in the triumph of their creed and their own place in it, as a result of America's entry into World War I. Unfortunately, limitations of space and time preclude dealing with all facets of the wartime activity of progressive intellectuals; in particular, I regret having to omit treatment of the conscription movement, a fascinating example of the creed of the "therapy" of "discipline" led by upper-class intellectuals and businessmen in the J.

History 102 study card

The note was sent by Wilson's son-in-law and fellow Southern pietist and progressive, Secretary of the Treasury William Gibbs McAdoo, a man who had spent his entire life as an industrialist in New York City, solidly in the J. McAdoo wrote to Wilson: I firmly believe that it is God's will that America should do this transcendent service for humanity throughout the world and that you are His chosen instrument.

Pietism and Prohibition One of the few important omissions in Professor Higgs's book is the crucial role of postmillennial pietist Protestantism in the drive toward statism in the United States.

Dominant in the "Yankee" areas of the North from the s on, the aggressive "evangelical" form of pietism conquered Southern Protestantism by the s and played a crucial role in progressivism after the turn of the century and through World War I.

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Evangelical pietism held that requisite to any man's salvation is that he do his best to see to it that everyone else is saved, and doing one's best inevitably meant that the State must become a crucial instrument in maximizing people's chances for salvation.

In particular, the State plays a pivotal role in stamping out sin, and in "making America holy.The history of medicine shows how societies have changed in their approach to illness and disease from ancient times to the present. Early medical traditions include those of Babylon, China, Egypt and India.

The Greeks introduced the concepts of medical diagnosis, prognosis, and advanced medical torosgazete.com Hippocratic Oath was written . The Encyclopedia of Arkansas is a free, authoritative source of information about the rich history, geography, and culture of Arkansas.

It is updated regularly to ensure the people of Arkansas have an accurate and accessible resource to explore our heritage.

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