If an entry does not have a byline, begin the reference with the entry title and publication date. In Encyclopedia of chemical technology 4th ed.
Using italics, as in the examples above, is preferred, but underlining is still acceptable. Italicize book and journal titles, but not article titles.
APA's capitalization rules for titles can be confusing! In the reference list, capitalize the first letter of every main word of a journal, magazine or newspaper title. For book and article titles, capitalize only the first letter of the first word of the title, the first word of its subtitle if it has oneand any proper names.
In the text of a paper, however, the rules are different, and every main word of a title gets capitalized. If no author is given, start with the title and then the date. Use "et al" in place of the additional authors when there are more than six authors. If each issue of the periodical begins with page one, include the issue number after the volume number as shown in the examples.
If the page numbering continues from issue to issue, do not include the issue number. This is not to be confused with the date you retrieved it. For articles retrieved in full text from a database e. These cities can be listed without a state abbreviation because they are well known for publishing: In addition, when the publisher is a university and the name of the state or Canadian province is included in its name, do not repeat the state or province in the publisher location.
When typing your Reference List, double space all lines.
Use hanging indents, that is, the first line of each item should be flush left, and the second and subsequent lines should be indented. The above examples are not displayed this way because hanging indents cannot easily be rendered on web pages.
For documents and situations not listed here, see the printed manual, in the reference collection at both libraries.
Its call number is Reference BF APA 5th vs. 6th edition. In late , the American Psychological Association (APA) published a revised style guide: the 6th edition of the publication manual. How to Cite A Dissertation. 1) Are dissertations published or unpublished – and how can I tell the difference?
2) How should I cite a dissertation or thesis published by ProQuest /UMI?. 3) CIIS citation formats – APA, MLA, Chicago, AAA. APA Citation Style (6th ed.) What You Need to Know: Capitalization · Same Author, Same Year · How Often Do I Cite?· URLs · Et al.
· and More! R = References / Bibliography entries.
Learn the difference between a List of References and a Bibliography. APA 6th Edition Citation Style Dissertation / Thesis (Database) Search this Guide Search. APA 6th Edition Citation Style. APA 6th Edition Guide; Annual Report; Title of doctoral dissertation or master's thesis: A case study of international ESL learners’ perceptions of technology use in English language learning.
(Informally Published or Self-archived Work, Manual, p. ) Individual web page. Since web pages and documents are similar to print, references to them include the same elements such as author, date, title, etc.
Note that proper names and acronyms are capitalized. How to Cite a Thesis/Dissertation in APA Thesis – A document submitted to earn a degree at a university.
Dissertation – A document submitted to earn an advanced degree, such as a doctorate, at a university.